||Psychiatry and psychotherapy, Psychology and Sociology, Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy
||Craving, development of tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, loss of control, neglect of other interests, persistent use
||In Germany, more men (31.2 percent) smoke than women (26.1 percent). A smoker is defined as someone who has smoked a cigarette within the last 30 days and is between 18 and 64 years old. Men also smoke more cigarettes per day: 25.5 percent of men and 16.6 percent of women smoke more than 20 cigarettes per day. The 12-month prevalence of dependence according to DSM-IV is 10.8 percent for men and 8.2 percent for women. Daily use tends to increase with age, while dependence is more common in middle cohorts. Overall, about 12 percent of people between 11 and 17 years of age smoke. Sex differences in prevalence do not yet exist at this age. Moreover, most adolescents are occasional smokers. Sex differences in prevalence then only become apparent in cohorts over 17 years of age in such a way that males are overrepresented among people who smoke.
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Last changed: 2022-04-21 21:45:08